Month: February 2023

17 countries of the world including India are at risk of serious water crisis

Nearly a quarter of the world’s population lives in these 17 countries, which are facing extreme stress due to water scarcity.

Photo: Vikas Choudhary

According to the latest report released by the World Resources Institute (WRI)  , almost one-fourth of the world’s population is facing a severe water crisis. The 17 major countries facing severe water crisis are Qatar, Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Jordan, Libya, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, UAE, San Marino, Bahrain, India, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Oman and Botswana, in their order According to WRI, these 17 countries facing extreme water scarcity may soon face ‘Day Zero’ like situation.

Significantly, the word ‘Day Zero’, denoting a serious water crisis, became popular since the year 2018 when the city of Cape Town in South Africa was going through the worst water crisis in its history.

While the Middle East and North Africa are home to 12 of the most stressed countries, India, which ranks 13th in terms of water stress, has a population more than three times that of 16 other countries combined. In these 17 countries facing severe water scarcity, agriculture, industry and municipalities use an average of 80 percent of available surface and groundwater each year. In such a situation, if this balance of demand and supply of water deteriorates due to climate change or any other reason, then it can have serious consequences and a drought-like situation may arise.

Water crisis is getting deeper, no one will remain untouched

According to Betsy Otto, Global Director of Water Affairs at WRI, “Water matters to everyone”. Presently we are facing global water crisis. Our population and economy are increasing and the need and demand for water is also increasing continuously. But climate change, water wastage and pollution pose a major threat to its supply.”

The WRI report has expressed serious concern about water scarcity and believes that water scarcity can lead to many social and political problems. While it could increase tensions and conflicts around the world, affect food supplies, it could pose serious risks to water-dependent industries such as mining and manufacturing.

Photo courtesy: VOA

Many cities of India are also facing severe water crisis.

Last month, Chennai also witnessed ‘Day Zero’-like situation when taps ran dry, schools had to be closed due to water shortage. The business of restaurants and hotels had stopped. Police had to be deployed to protect the water sources. At the same time, water was supplied through trains and tankers from far away areas. This situation is not confined to Chennai only, many cities in the country like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bhopal are suffering from the serious problem of water crisis today.

Recently, in the report released by NITI Aayog,  it has also been accepted that the water crisis is deepening in many cities of India, and it is expected to take a more formidable form in the coming times. According to the report, where by 2030, water will not be available for about 40 percent of the country’s population. At the same time, by 2020, more than 10 crore people in the country will be forced to face a severe water crisis.

It is worth noting that the water level is rapidly falling down in many states of the country, if concrete steps are not taken in this regard, then this situation of water crisis can take an even more frightening form. On one hand, many states are facing a drought-like situation, on the other hand, the precious water during the monsoon and subsequent rains flows through the rivers and falls into the sea, and gets wasted. If the emphasis is laid on rainwater conservation, this wasted water can reduce our dependence on groundwater and can also play an important role in the development of agriculture.

In October 2002, the then Prime Minister of the country Atal Bihari Vajpayee had also planned to link important rivers to deal with the problem of flood and drought. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had also given his approval to the plan to link 60 rivers of the country in his first term. It is expected that soon we will be able to see this scheme taking shape and in future the problem of flood and drought will be controlled effectively and the problem of water crisis in the country will end forever.

Neerain is proud to republish this article for spreading awareness about situation of water, for our stake holders. Credit whatsoever goes to the Author.

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Author:  Lalit Maurya

Publish On: August 6, 2019.


49 billion liters of water is wasted daily in the country due to carelessness

There has been a demand for provision of stringent penalties to prevent wastage of water. Clean water is not being provided to 16 crore people in the country.

Photo courtesy: Rustam Vania

33% of people in India keep the tap open even without work while bathing and brushing, which leads to wastage of clean water. An estimate of water wastage is that every day 4,84,20,000 crore cubic meters i.e. 48.42 billion one liter bottles of water is wasted, while in this country about 160 million people do not get clean and fresh water. At the same time, 600 million people are facing water crisis. After taking note of these facts in a petition, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has asked the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti to submit a factual account of wastage of water.

On behalf of NGO Friends, petitioner Rajendra Tyagi has filed this petition in NGT. The petitioner demands that there should be punishment for the wastage of water. There is no provision for this as of now. On the petition, a bench headed by Justice Adarsh ​​Kumar Goel, in its order, has asked the Union Jal Shakti Ministry as well as the Delhi Jal Board to file a report within a month.

There are many other reasons for wastage of water such as overflow of water from the tank in residential and commercial houses. At the same time, the flushing system is another major reason for wastage of fresh water. 15 to 16 liters of water gets wasted once the flush is run.

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According to advocate Akash Vashisht, every third person in India leaves the tap running, wasting five liters of water a minute, while a shower wastes 10 liters per minute. About 25 liters of water is wasted during brushing for three to five minutes, while 50 liters is wasted during a shower of 15 to 20 minutes. Similarly, 20 to 60 liters of water is wasted while washing dishes.

Very deep borewells are also being installed in rural areas. While there is hand-pump and tubewell for drinking water. There is also no restriction on the use of water. Apart from this, there is a lot of wastage of clean water even during the washing of cars. Water demand in India will reach 220 billion liters by 2025 from 40 billion liters now. The NGT will now hear the matter after the ministry’s report.

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Author: Vivek Mishra

Publish On: July 29, 2019.



The world is facing a serious crisis of drinking water

Three out of ten people worldwide do not have access to clean and safe drinking water. The condition of African countries is the worst

Photo courtesy: Salahuddin

More than 200 million people around the world are deprived of basic amenities like clean water and sanitation. Several such worrying aspects have been highlighted in the United Nations World Water Development Report “Leaving No One Behind”, to be released in Geneva, Switzerland on March 19.

Clean and safe drinking water and sanitation were given the status of a human right in a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2010. In 2015, sanitation was also recognized as a special human right. These rights oblige states to work towards ensuring universal access to water without discrimination. The Sustainable Development Goals also call for providing access to water and sanitation for all by 2030.

Work has been done in this direction in the last 15 years but this goal remains out of reach worldwide. In the year 2015, three out of ten (210 crore) people did not have access to clean and safe drinking water. At the same time, six out of ten people (450 crore) were deprived of facilities related to sanitation. UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azulay believes that the right to water is important to live a life of dignity, but millions of people are still deprived of it.

According to Gilbert F. Hongbo, president of Yun Water and the International Fund for Agricultural Development, “The figures speak for themselves. The report states that if the degradation of the natural environment and the pressure on water resources continue like this, by 2050, 45 percent of the world’s gross domestic product and 40 percent of food grains will be at risk. Poor and deprived sections will be badly affected by this.

Poor condition of African people

In terms of clean drinking water, the condition of the people of Africa is the most pathetic. Half of the world’s people who drink unsafe water live in Africa. Only 24 percent of people in sub-Saharan Africa have access to safe drinking water and only 28 percent have access to sanitation facilities. Half of people in sub-Saharan Africa drink water from unsafe sources, and women and girls are responsible for providing water. It takes them more than 30 minutes to bring water every time. People here are suffering from health problems and lack of education due to drinking unsafe water.

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Big crisis in front of refugees

Access to clean water and sanitation is a major challenge for refugees and internally displaced people around the world. In 2017, 6.85 crore people had to leave their homes. Usually, the average of the displaced is 2.53 crores. Now people are getting displaced in large numbers due to natural calamities. This displacement is double that of the 1970s. The number of displaced people is expected to increase in the future due to climate change. The report shows that there is a dire need for investment on water supply and sanitation.

Neerain is proud to republish this article for spreading awareness about situation of water, for our stakeholders. Credit whatsoever goes to the Author.

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Author: Bhagirath Srivas

Publish On: March 15, 2019.